The Masonry: Bricklaying program prepares students to practise the trade of bricklayer-mason.
The program is designed to train bricklayer-masons to work in various sectors of activity primarily related to the construction industry, such as the residential, institutional and commercial sectors as well as civil engineering and public roads. These sectors are governed by the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (R.S.Q., c. R-20), which is administered by the Commission de la construction du Québec.
Bricklayer-masons perform various tasks, such as estimating quantities of materials required to prepare the work area, installing lines vertical to angles to ensure plumbness, and installing horizontal lines used as guides for ensuring that the structure is aligned and flat. Once this preparatory work has been done, they spread the mortar using a trowel to bond the various masonry units (e.g. bricks, concrete blocks and stones). The units are arranged in various bond patterns as specified in the plans and specifications. In order to comply with the plans and specifications and ensure the quality of the structure, some cuts will be made using a hammer, a chisel or certain equipment, such as a masonry saw and guillotine, when precision and neatness are required.
When building walls, bricklayer-masons must insert different accessories designed to support loads, prevent water infiltration and reinforce the structure. Joints will be finished in different ways depending on the structure’s exposure to the natural elements. For the most part, scaffolding is erected to make these tasks safer to carry out.