masonry

Program objectives

To acquire the knowledge, ability and attitudes necessary upon entering the workforce to correctly and successfully complete the tasks and activities necessary for the masonry and bricklaying trade, such as sizing, cutting, installing with mortar, cement or other adhesive, as well as finishing joints with the following materials: different types of bricks, stone, blocks, refractory materials, prefabricated architectural cement as well as installing rigid insulation and welding anchors.

Program content

CodeStatement of competencyHoursCredits
754-992To protect health, safety and physical integrity on construction sites302
778-701To determine their suitability for the trade and the training process151
778-712Prepare and spread mortars302
778-722Erect scaffolding302
778-738Lay blocks and bricks to the line1208
778-746Build corners with blocks and bricks906
778-754Interpret plans and specifications604
778-766Build and repair simple blockwork and brickwork906
778-776Build complex structures with masonry units906
778-783Make simple welds and cut metals453
778-793Build and repair structures with precast masonry units453
778-806Cut and lay natural and artificial stones906
778-812Build and repair chimneys and stove bases302
778-821Become familiar with the work and techniques related to refractory materials151
778-838Adapt to the work environment in masonry and bricklaying1208
90060

The Masonry: Bricklaying program prepares students to practise the trade of bricklayer-mason.

The program is designed to train bricklayer-masons to work in various sectors of activity primarily related to the construction industry, such as the residential, institutional and commercial sectors as well as civil engineering and public roads. These sectors are governed by the Act respecting labour relations, vocational training and manpower management in the construction industry (R.S.Q., c. R-20), which is administered by the Commission de la construction du Québec.

Bricklayer-masons perform various tasks, such as estimating quantities of materials required to prepare the work area, installing lines vertical to angles to ensure plumbness, and installing horizontal lines used as guides for ensuring that the structure is aligned and flat. Once this preparatory work has been done, they spread the mortar using a trowel to bond the various masonry units (e.g. bricks, concrete blocks and stones). The units are arranged in various bond patterns as specified in the plans and specifications. In order to comply with the plans and specifications and ensure the quality of the structure, some cuts will be made using a hammer, a chisel or certain equipment, such as a masonry saw and guillotine, when precision and neatness are required.

When building walls, bricklayer-masons must insert different accessories designed to support loads, prevent water infiltration and reinforce the structure. Joints will be finished in different ways depending on the structure’s exposure to the natural elements. For the most part, scaffolding is erected to make these tasks safer to carry out.